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OpenCloudos Kernel Development Guide

The purpose of this document is:

  • Ensure that kernel code development and rounds comply with community license requirements.
  • Ensure that the coding style and code quality meet the quality requirements of the kernel Upstream Linus library.
  • As the upstream kernel of the industry partner, OC KERNEL will provide the downstream partner with a forward-only kernel tree and provide the downstream partner feature selection flexibility.

1-Branching Strategy

Branch names and usage processes

  • the code composition of master: LTS + upstream backport features + SIG opensource features + bugfix。
  • Each feature is formed into independent branches based on the master, and merged into the merge master after meeting the feature integration requirements and testing.
  • The master branch is merged into Tencent's internal code tree, where the features are merged into the LTS/XX stable branch and opened to downstream users.
  • The stable branch of the OC kernel is in the lts/directory, and only accepts bugfix that does not affect Kabi stability.
  • Master and stable branch forward-only, force push is not allowed.

2-Kernel Default Configuration

make occonfig Provide kernel default configuration.
make noocconfig The OC-specific configuration item is deleted in the current configuration as a build test case of the OC kernel.

3-Kernel Feature Development Requirements

In order to better track the whole process (self-developed) kernel feature development without increasing the burden on development students, the kernel features required to be added to the OC kernel must meet the following requirements :

  • Clearly describe the problem that the feature is trying to solve ;

  • The design solution used to solve this problem ;

  • Usage and practical effects of features ;

  • This feature must provide a CONFIG_ Compilation switch for mode ;

  • Provide cmdline switch or sysctl runtime switch or provide code in a modular manner (optional) ;

  • The impact of characteristics on KABI integrated into the kernel ;

  • The features have passed those functional and performance tests. The specified testing requirements are listed below .

  • The submission team must be responsible for the functionality, performance, and bugs of the submitted code. Code must be reviewed.

  • The person in charge of feature submission needs to signed-off, and the reviewer needs to add Reviewed-by:or Acked-by:

  • If there are tests, please sign the test results, such as :

Tested-by: Desheng <deshengwu@Tencent 腾讯>

4-Commit Specification Requirements

  1. When submitting self-developed features(commit log),require to include Reviewed-by or Acked-by

  2. When turning on the characteristics of other code trees, it is necessary to act as an independent branch and:

  3. Maintain the original upstream commit quantity and order

  4. Keep the original commit author

  5. Add Signed-off-by of the person who took the turn: (recommended to use git cherry-pick -s)

  6. The solution to the round conflict should be indicated in the commit log:Conflicts:<refactored some_function_foo ... >

  7. On the first line of the commit log, indicate the commit IDs of other code trees, such as

    commit 7548bf8c17d84607c106bd45d81834afd95a2edb upstream/openvz/openeuler


    Upstream commit 8ebcc62c738f68688ee7c6fec2efe5bc6d3d7e60

5-Tag/Version Specification

Currently in use TAG:

  • 4.14.105-19-0015
  • 5.4.119-19-0009.1

6-Characterization Testing Requirements

Each new kernel feature integration requires passing the following tests and providing a test report:

  1. The and each config compilation for each commit:

  2. The newly added kernel config needs to be closed and compiled in the kernel/configs/nooc.config file ;

  3. As an upstream kernel code, downstream users may have different requirements for using OC Kernel. In ARM and X86, in addition to the default default, noocconfig, occonfig must be built and passed, they must also compile and pass the default defconfig, allyesconfig, allmodconfigin the code tree.

  4. The minimum requirement is not to addbuild error/warning. A self testing method is as follows:

    make allmodconfig modules all  -s ; make allyesconfig noocconfig all -s 
  5. The recommendations for kernel benchmark self-testing under each config are as follows:

make occonfig kvmconfig bzImage -s -j 32 && qemu -kernel arch/x86/boot/bzImage --nographic -m 4g -smp 4 --enable-kvm  ...
  1. Provide test cases for features, such as kunit/kselftest or other use cases

  2. Pass basic kernel testing a. LTP related testing does not increase failure. b. Stress-ng testing - if it can be covered.

  3. Gcov or kcov code coverage>90% when executing tests.
    (gcov's data collection method Using gcov with the Linux kernel

Written by:alexsshi 2023-02-17


  1. Kernel Documentation
  2. Submitting patches: the essential guide to getting your code into the kernel